IDT helps airlines achieve the required training within an acceptable time frame and budget, with effective, safe and compliant implementation. In fact, we also help the regulators themselves: IDT has been a leader in developing the underlying requirements for UPRT, by providing support to:
- ICAO Document 10011, Manual of Aeroplane Upset Prevention & Recovery Training (published 2014)
- EASA Rule Making Task RMT.0581 & .0582 on Loss of Control
- FAA Aviation Rulemaking Committee 208, resulting from US Public Law 111-216.
- EASA Rule Making Task RMT.0196/.0197 on Simulator Technology (starting September 2016)
Loss of Control In-Flight has remained the leading cause of airline fatalities. ICATEE, an international team, led by IDT’s president Sunjoo Advani, was tasked to develop mitigation strategies, developed the principles of UPRT. Below are the working groups/organizations and currently published defining documents for UPRT.
Recent global concerns about commercial aviation safety have been raised due to the high number of Loss of Control (LOC) related accidents, which invariably lead to fatal consequences. International Development of Technology b.v. (IDT) has been heavily involved in the formation of requirements for effective UPRT involving simulators (FSTD’s), aerobatic-capable aircraft and other media.
The role of IDT’s president, Dr. Sunjoo Advani, as chairman of the International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes (ICATEE) has led to the formation of a new ICAO Manual for Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (ICAO Manual 10011). The core content of this Manual was created by the 75-member ICATEE team under his guidance.
UPRT has now become mandatory in the United States for all Part 121 carriers under Public Law 111-216. Currently, EASA is also developing appropriate regulation on UPRT through the Rule Making Task RMT.0581 & 0582. IDT has been part of both these activities.
IDT has recently been engaged in developing UPRT requirements for several major airlines. With this implementation experience, we are able to bring a wealth of practical knowledge.
Integration of dedicated Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) is the key to solving Loss of Control In-Flight. This involves ensuring that the instructors providing that training are properly qualified to deliver that training. Enabling instructors with the right knowledge, and access to information about the airplane state in the simulator, is considered one of the most critical success factors. Furthermore, integrated UPRT requires (for both pilots and instructors):
- A solid academic knowledge base on aerodynamics related to upsets
- Practical experience with the upset threat environment in a realistic setting (on-aircraft and simulator).
- Practical application and integration of knowledge and skills
New rules set forth by the US and EASA define clearly what is required of pilots in order to demonstrate UPRT proficiency. The FAA rules and advisory circulars explain in detail the recurrent training requirements for UPRT. EASA rules that have been published are somewhat similar. The next set of rules, which will be published in 2016 and implemented finally in 2017, will affect all levels of training, from cadet licensing to recurrent qualification .
Summary of UPRT training media
All pilots require baseline UPRT academics. Knowledge-based training content is available today and can be tailored to an airline’s program so that the information is carefully distributed and effectively absorbed. This includes the Airplane Upset Recovery Training Aid (AURTA) and several other sources of information where the essential elements are present. These have been integrated into a UPRT iPad App, which IDT has developed in partnership with Aviation Performance Solutions LL.
When part of a qualified training program, FSTD’s offer a realistic environment to exercise maneuvers and scenarios related to upset prevention and, to some extent, recovery. Caution must be exercised in order to prevent negative training transfer as avoiding the development of negative traits is perhaps the most critical component of this training. Industry working groups like ICATEE have defined processes by which safety assurances can be maximized when validating FSTD capabilities with respect to upset prevention and recovery training. This includes a process of potentially involving the National Aviation Authority and the airframe manufacturer.
The third training element that has been recommended by industry working groups is to incorporate UPRT into the licensing level of training that utilizes high-performance light aircraft, and for instructor competency development. When introduced at the licensing level, UPRT can complement either MPL or CPL programs.